The DO Terra Alta was established in 2005. The area of production and elaboration of the DO Terra Alta is located in the south of Catalonia, between the Ebro River and the border with Aragon and includes the 12 municipalities of the Terra Alta region.
Vineyards planted between 350 and 550 m of altitude, being the terraces the most common cultivation unit, dare to varied orography and the predominance of white, red Grenache, apart from other varieties such as Macabeo, Parellada and Mazuelo.
Its landscape maintains all the characteristic features of an inland terroir close to the Mediterranean Sea: pre-coastal limestone mountain ranges, small rivers, mountains of conglomerate rock, oak, and pine forests and above all, agricultural soils tinged with the typical Mediterranean crops: almond trees, vines and olive trees.
Within this framework, there are three clearly differentiated landscape units of agricultural interest: La Plana, La Meseta and Los Valles.
The cultivated soils generally have medium textures. They are rich in limestone and poor in organic matter.
Another feature that vindicates the Mediterranean character of the interior is the climate. Abundant sunshine and low rainfall.
Two particularities stand out: a singular balance between the two prevailing winds, the "Cierzo" wind (NW) and the South wind, and a cold winter that denotes a certain continentality.
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