France is the second largest country in planted surface, surpassed only by Spain. The production reaches 60 million hectoliters from the total of 800.000 harvested hectares. France can be considered as the fatherland of the oenology and the wine science, since most of the winemaking techniques used worldwide are investigated and applied in that nation.
More information about France
France posses a great diversity of climates and soils, fact that allows the elaboration of an extraordinary range of wines, from the most light whites to the powerful reds and the elegant sparkling. Concepts such as “terroir”, the wines that express their origin or the “appellation d’origine controllée (AOC)”, an assignation system that authorizes the oenologist practices and the grape varieties, clearly define the French vision of the world of wine.
The more oenological interest regions are:
Bordeaux: Source of some of the most famous and recognized wines around the world, with the most extensive vineyards and divided in more than 53 appellations. The most harvested grape varieties are Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Sémillon, Sauvignon Blanc and Muscadelle.
Burgundy: Composed by 6 different zones. One of them, the “Cote d’Or” is recognized as one of the most prestigious winemaking regions around the world. Chardonnay and Pinot Noir (red) are the more used varieties.
Champagne: Cradle of the best sparkling wines, located at 145 km. in the north of Paris. The traditional coupage from the zone is composed by Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and Pinot Meunier.
Rhone Valley: Warmer than the other regions, is the oldest winegrowing region. Highlight for the elaboration of wines with marked personality, fruity notes, floral and spiced. The most used varieties are Red Garnacha and Syrah among reds and Viognier, Roussane and Marsanne among whites.