Wines whites Designation of origin A.O.C. Bourgogne
Burgundy is one of the most important wine-growing zones in the world. Is extended on the east of France and the north of the Rhone valley. The planted surface reaches the 25.000 hectares through 250km on the north of Chablis, crossing the regions of Côte d’or and Macôn. The annual production is of 200 millions of bottles and represents a 5% of the total wine production in France. One of the zone features is the huge number of denominations of origin (A.O.C), with more of 100, where sometimes one of them can cover only one wine plot. The “climat” word refers to “terroir” and is indispensable to understand the Burgundy wines which try to focus on each bottle the peculiarities of the land they’ve grown up.
More information about the designation of origin A.O.C. Bourgogne
The region lives under a continental climate with very cold winters and warm summers. Due to the almost 300 kilometers between the north and the south, there is a great heterogeneity of microclimates, fact that helps in the wines distinction.
The region is divided in 5 production zones with particular features:
-Yonne: Is the northern zone. The region of Chablis stands out among others. It is a region with a cold climate and calcareous soils, renowned for its Chardonnay wines.
-Côte d’Or: On the south of Chablis we found Côte d’Or, divided by Côte de Beaune and Côte de Nuits, with the production of the most famous wines of Burgundy and some of the best of the planet. The soils are argillaceous, calcareous. The production is based on red wines using the variety Pinot Noir and on Chardonnay wines with ageing.
Côte Chalonnaise: Located on the south of Côte d’Or, producer of high quality red and white wines but without the fame of the neighboring region. We can highlight the variety Aligoté from the denomination of Origin Bouzeron.
-Màconais: Located on the south of Côte Chalonnaise, it has remarkable appellations of origin such as Poully-Fuissé. The soils are argillaceous and calcareous with sandy land. Typical production of white dry wines with Chardonnay and red wines with the variety Gamay.
-Beaujolais: Occupies the southern zone of Burgundy but often wrongfully don’t identified with this region and considered a separate denomination. Composed of granite and argillaceous soils, Beaujolais has a similar climate than the Rhone Valley region. The icon from the region is the red young wines elaborated with the grape Gamay.
The Burgundy classification in descending order regarding quality is: Grand Cru, Premier Cru, Village and Bourgogne.
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